Mack

Mack Trucks, Inc. is an American truck-manufacturing company and a former manufacturer of buses and trolley buses. A wholly owned subsidiary of Renault Véhicules Industriels since 1990, Mack Trucks is currently a subsidiary of AB Volvo. The company's headquarters are located in Greensboro, North Carolina. On September 3, 2009, a three-month transition from its headquarters in Allentown, Pennsylvania, to Greensboro was completed.

Currently, the company's manufacturing facilities are located at the Macungie Assembly Operations plant in Lower Macungie Township, Pennsylvania. Mack Trucks is a top producer in the vocational, on-road-vehicle market, Class 8 through Class 13. It is also the most popular manufacturer of heavy-duty off-road trucks in America. The company's distinctive logo, a chrome-plated (sometimes gold-plated) bulldog, can be found on the front of almost all Mack trucks. A Mack truck with a gold-plated bulldog indicates that the entire truck is made of Mack components. Trucks with another manufacturer's transmission, engine, rear axles or suspension are given the chrome-plated bulldog.

Mack trucks have been sold in 45 countries. The Macungie, Pennsylvania, manufacturing plant, located close to its abandoned Allentown corporate headquarters, produces all Mack products. The Mack MP-series engine, Mack transmissions, the TC-15 transfer cases, and rear engine power take-offs are designed and manufactured in Hagerstown, Maryland, which, according to local historians, was the original factory location.[citation needed]

Parts for Mack’s right-hand-drive vehicles are produced in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, for worldwide distribution. Assembly for South America is done at Mack de Venezuela C.A., in Caracas, Venezuela. The Venezuela operation is a complete knock down (CKD) facility. Components are shipped from the United States to Caracas, and the plant then does final assembly.

In addition to its Macungie manufacturing facility, Mack also has a remanufacturing center in Middletown, Pennsylvania, where it takes used parts and refurbishes them for resale/reuse.

On August 14, 2008, Mack Trucks announced a major restructuring plan that includes:[3]

  • Relocation of Mack's head office, product development, most support functions, and purchasing functions to Greensboro, North Carolina, in 2009. Mack's parent, Volvo Trucks, already has its North American base in Greensboro.
  • Assembly of all produced Mack highway vehicles in Macungie, Pennsylvania from 2008.
  • Mack's testing facility in Allentown, Pennsylvania, will be converted into a "customer demonstration/reception center" in 2010.
  • Restructuring the parts distribution network by 2010.
  • Now delayed to 1st quarter 2011
  • As of November 2009, assembly of Mack Highway product will shift to the Macungie Manufacturing Division. 100% of Mack's product will be produced in Macungie

This is a timeline of Mack Trucks history. Most of the information is taken from the Mack History page at MackTrucks.com, unless otherwise noted.[4]

  • 1890: John M. Mack gets a job at Fallesen & Berry, a carriage and wagon company in Brooklyn, New York.
  • 1893: Mack and his brother, Augustus F. Mack, buy the company John worked for.
  • 1894: A third Mack brother, William C. Mack, joins his brothers in the company's operations. The Macks try working with steam powered and electric motor cars.
  • 1900s: Inspired by Orville and Wilbur Wright, Willis Carrier and Henry Ford's inventions, John Mack has a vision, dreaming about producing heavy duty trucks and engines.
  • 1900: The Macks open their first bus manufacturing plant. The Mack bus, ordered by a sightseeing company, is delivered.
  • 1902: The Mack Brothers Company established in New York.
  • 1904: The company introduces the name Manhattan on its products.
  • 1905: Allentown selected as the home of main manufacturing operations, and headquarters. A fourth Mack brother, Joseph Mack, becomes a stockholder. Mack begins to make rail cars and locomotives.
  • 1910: The Manhattan name changed; from now on, the trucks are known as Mack Trucks. Charles Mack, a fifth Mack brother, joins the company.
  • 1911: The Saurer Motor Truck Company, headed by C.P. Coleman, had the rights to manufacture and sell heavy trucks under the Saurer brand name at its plant in Plainfield, New Jersey. On September 23, 1911, the Saurer Motor Truck Company merged with the Mack Brothers Motor Car Company of Allentown, headed by J. M. Mack, to form the International Motor Truck Company (IMTC). IMTC would continue to make and sell trucks using the Saurer name until 1918. The capitalization of IMTC was $2.6 million total ($1.6m for Saurer, or 61.5%, and $1.0m for Mack Brothers).[5]
  • 1912: Brothers John and Joseph Mack leave.
  • 1919: The United States Army conducts a transcontinental project using Mack Trucks to study the need for national highway systems.
  • 1922: The company name is changed to Mack Trucks, Inc. The bulldog is accepted as the company's corporate symbol.
  • 1924: Jack Mack dies in a car crash in Weatherly, Pennsylvania.
  • 1932: While recuperating from an operation, Alfred Fellows Masury, Mack's Chief Engineer, carved the first bulldog hood ornament. Masury applied for and received a patent for his design; that Bulldog design has adorned Mack trucks ever since!
  • 1933: Mack Trucks helps in the building of many American structures, including the Hoover Dam.
  • 1956: Mack Trucks, Inc. buys Brockway Motor Company. (Brockway ceases in 1977)
  • 1966: Mack begins production at its assembly plant in Oakville, Ontario, Canada. The facility closed in 1993.
  • 1967: Mack Trucks becomes a part of the Signal Oil and Gas Company. Later that year Signal changes its name to The Signal Companies, Inc.
  • 1970: Mack moves into its new Allentown world headquarters.
  • 1979: Renault buys 10% of Mack Trucks, Inc.
  • 1982: Renault increases ownership stake to 20%, Signal lowers its stake to 10%.
  • 1983: Mack Trucks conducts an IPO and issues 15.7 million shares of common stock. Renault increases holdings to 40%, while Signal reduces its stake to 10.3%.
  • 1987: Renault reorganizes; Renault Véhicules Industriels buys Renault's Mack shares.
  • 1990: Mack Trucks become a wholly owned subsidiary of Renault Véhicules Industriels
  • 2001: Mack together with Renault Véhicules Industriels becomes part of Volvo AB of Sweden, the parent company Renault S. A. receives a 20% stake in the combined company. (In 2002 Renault Véhicules Industriels changes its name to Renault Trucks.)
  • 2006: Mack has a record sale year.
  • 2008: Mack announces relocation of corporate headquarters to Greensboro, North Carolina.[3]

This is a timeline of Mack Trucks history. Most of the information is taken from the Mack History page at MackTrucks.com, unless otherwise noted.[4]

  • 1909: A junior model 1-1/2 ton truck is introduced.
  • 1910: Mack delivers the first motorized hook and ladder firetruck used by the city of Morristown, New Jersey.
  • 1914: The Mack ABs are introduced.
  • 1916: The Mack ACs are introduced. Ultimately, over 40,000 of these models are sold.
  • World War I: Mack delivers over 6,000 trucks, both to the United States and Britain's military. A legend surfaces that British soldiers would call for Mack Bulldogs to be sent when facing adversity.
  • 1918: Mack becomes the first manufacturer to apply air cleaners and oil filters to their trucks.
  • 1920: Mack Trucks are the first with power brakes on their trucks.
  • 1922: Mack introduces first truck with drive shaft instead of chain 1922 Model AB
  • 1922: International Motors Company develops gasoline-driven passenger railcar for the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad. A standard passenger railcar on top of a standard motor truck chassis, seating between 36 to 50 passengers, at a cost of $16,500. The car operates in a ten-mile (16 km) stretch between New Haven, and Derby, Connecticut.[6]
  • 1927: Mack's BJ and BB models built.
  • 1932: The Bulldog starts to travel on the hoods of Mack trucks.
  • 1934: Production of electric "trolley coaches" began, continuing only until 1943.[7] A total of 290 trolley buses were built, with Portland, Oregon being by far the biggest customer (with 141 total).[7]
  • 1936: The Mack E series introduced. Mack Jr trucks introduced.
  • 1938: Mack trucks is the first company to produce its own heavy-duty diesel engines.
  • World War II: Mack trucks were used by the military in various capacities, and the company built many heavy-duty trucks to help the allied forces win the day. From 1941 to 1945, the combined armed forces of the United States, Great Britain, France, and Canada took delivery of 35,096 total vehicles. The combat "N Series" (NB, NJU, NM, NO, NR, etc.) accounted for 26,965 of the total. Commercial type vehicles including: trucks, off-highway, fire-trucks, trailers, and buses, accounted for the rest. A total of 2,053 NO models alone were produced from 1940 to 1945. The 6x6 7-yard/2-ton NO was the most important specifically military model, and could be used as a transport or tractor for the 155 mm Long Tom field gun. Mack also built over 2600 power trains for tanks. The Allentown bus plant (5C) built Vultee PBY Catalina flying boats as well as components for the BT-13 Valiant Trainer and B-24 Liberator Bombers. More than 700 NJU (5-to-6 ton 4x4) models were in the hands of the U.S. Army by 1942. In 1939 & 1940 the French and British received several hundred NR4 and EXBU models.
  • 1950: The Mack A Model series of trucks is introduced, produced until 1953.
  • 1953: The Mack B Model series of trucks is introduced. 127,786 produced until 1966.
  • 1955: The D Model low cab forward city delivery truck entered the market. Access to the engine compartment was possible by the Verti-lift cab. The cab lifted straight up hydraulically, guided by a forklift style mast behind the cab. Two styles of D Models were produced, the first styling had a square grille and no dress up trim. It was produced in 1955 and early 1956. The second styling included a styled grille, cab rear corner windows and stylish emblems and trim. The second styling was built from mid 1956 until the end of the D Model in 1958. A total of 832 D Model Mack Trucks were produced from 1955 until 1958.
  • 1956: City of Hamilton, Bermuda buys first diesel-power fire truck (B85F).
  • 1959: The first aluminum rivetted construction COE (cab-over-engine) family of trucks is introduced: The G Model which had a short production due to a striking resemblance to the Kenworth COE and Mack having the F Model ready for production.[citation needed] A total of 2181 G Model Mack Trucks were produced from 1959 until 1962.
  • 1962: The Second of the COE (cab-over-engine) family of trucks is introduced: The F Model all steel sleeper (FL) or non sleeper (F) is the first of this family of models for Mack.
  • 1965: Mack releases the Super Pumper System, to be used by the New York City fire department. It would help put out 2,200 fires.
  • 1965: The R Model Series introduced, to replace the B Model Series.
  • 1966: The RL (for R-Western) model built at Hayward, California until 1981.
  • 1969: Mack patents the cab air suspension.
  • 1975: Macungie plant opens, build the Cruise-Liner series until 1983.
  • 1977: Super-Liner introduced, production runs for 15-years until 1993.
  • 1978: Introduction of the low-cab-forward urban MC/MR series.\
  • 1979: Medium-duty model Mid-Liner introduced, built by Renault Véhicules Industriels in France
  • 1982: Production of the MH Ultra-Liner model begins.
  • 1988: Mack introduces the CH series for highway applications.
  • 1989: E7 engine replaces E6 engine
  • 1990: The R Model was in production until 1990. The RB and RD remained in production after that until being replaced by the Granite.
  • 1994: Mack introduces the LE (low entry) refuse vehicle.
  • 1998: Electronic Unit Pump (EUP) replaces electronic fuel injection pump
  • 1999: A new premium highway tractor is introduced: the "Vision by Mack".
  • 2001: Medium-duty Freedom series introduced (built by Renault Trucks in France like its predecessor, the Mid-Liner series).
  • 2001: Mack redesigns R Series dash with new gauges and buttons and door padding.
  • 2001: Granite series for construction applications introduced.
  • 2003: Mack pulls out of the medium-duty market and discontinues the Freedom series.
  • 2005: Mack stops producing the DM model, the last Mack that used the R-Model cab, the RB was also discontinued at the beginning of 2005. In some countries the DM is the most popular truck for construction use.
  • 2006: Introduction of Pinnacle highway vehicle it is which was the replacement for the Vision highway product.
  • 2007: A new product line is introduced to include Models LEU and MRU amongst others.
  • 2007: Introduction of US07 compliant engines in all of its trucks.[8]
  • 2008: In March Titan was introduced. A HD duty model with the 16-liter big-block MP10, the largest ever 6-cylinder engine from Mack, with 515, 565, and 605 horsepower (451 kW) models.[9][10]
  • 2010: In October Mack announced that a version of its Terrapro Cabover would run on natural gas using a Cummins Westport engine.[11]
  • Mack started to produce the R and U Model in the early 1960s for highway use, and the RD and DM Models for construction use. The 4 models featured the same cab; the U and DM had the cab offset to the left, and the early RD and DM had 3-piece steel hoods. They later had 1-piece hoods, the RD had a new hood, and the DM the U hood. In the late 1980s, the R and U Models were discontinued and the RB was introduced, mostly for severe-duty applications. The hood was modified slightly for the model RB.
  • 2004 was the last year for the RD, and 2005 for the RB and DM. The DM was the last model to use this cab style, and was the last model of this family to be produced. As a replacement for the construction models, Mack started to offer the Granite, Granite Bridge-Formula and Granite Axle-back, which feature a centered cab, which is not offset like the DM.

In the early 1960s, Mack Truck's executive vice president of product and engineering, Walter May, developed the Maxidyne high-torque rise engine. The engine was first available in the 1968 model year trucks. This was an industry-changing event. The Maxidyne allowed.
 
The company's trademark is the Bulldog. Mack trucks earned this nickname in 1917, during World War I, when the British government purchased the Mack AC model to supply its front lines with troops, food and equipment. British soldiers dubbed the truck the "Bulldog Mack", because they said it had "the tenacity of a bulldog." Its pugnacious, blunt-nosed hood, coupled with its incredible durability, reminded the soldiers of the tenacious qualities of their country's mascot, the British Bulldog.[17][18]

The logo was first used in 1921 for the AB chain drive models and made the official corporate logo in 1922.[19]

The Mack R Model was a Class 8 heavy-duty truck first introduced in 1966, by Mack Trucks, to replace the very successful Mack B Model.[1] Its production ran for 40 years until the RD model was discontinued in 2002 and the RB and DM models were discontinued in 2005. The first R models introduced were powered by Mack Thermodyne diesel and gasoline engines. In 1973 the R cab was given a makeover to include a deeper rear wall for more room and a new dashboard design.

The Mack B Model was a heavy truck produced by Mack Trucks between 1953 and 1966.[1] It is perhaps the best known classic Mack truck and many still survive to this day in both restored and unrestored conditions. Some owners still use them daily for both business and leisure. They were available as fire trucks, school buses and in a variety of truck configurations. The B model was replaced by the R Model.[2]

Model numbers & letters
B1x -
B2x -
B3x -
B4x -
B5x -
B6x -
B7x -
B8x -

Chassis letter guide:
B - school bus chassis
C - flat face cowl for the addition of a delivery body
E - built for export
F - fire truck chassis
L - light weight or weight reduced by using aluminum components
P - platform chassis (single axle straight truck)
R - right hand drive. This designation was started in 1964 but right hand drive available
S - six wheel chassis (tandem axle)
T - tractor chassis
X - severe or extreme service chassis

The Mack F series was the third generation of cabover trucks from Mack Trucks. Its production began in 1962 and ended in 1981. It was produced primarily as a set-forward axle truck but a setback axle version was shipped overseas (from the USA). The cab came in a 50 inch (1371.6mm) day cab (no sleeper). Sleeper models included a 72 inch (1828.8mm), 80 inch (2032mm) and later a "bustle back" was added that lengthened the sleeper to 86 inches (2184.4mm).

Model range
F6xx
F7xx
F8xx
F9xx

  • The Mack Super-Liner is a class 8 heavy-duty truck that was introduced by Mack Trucks in 1977, to replace the Mack RW (R-Western) model.[1] Its production lasted for fifteen years until it was discontinued in 1993. The model designation is RW. Mack Trucks Australia still manufactures the Super-Liner as a lighter-duty version of the Mack Titan.
  • In 1988, Mack Trucks Australia made 16 special edition SuperLiner II Bicentennials with the E9-500 V8, Mack 12 speed triple countershaft transmission, Mack front and rear axles, long taper-leaf springs on front and camelback on the rear, Spicer 1810 HD driveshafts and 5842mm (230 inch) wheelbase. The special limited edition models were named after people influential to Australian history, including James Cook, Captain Bligh, Ludwig Leichhardt, Governor Phillip, Ned Kelly, Kingsford Smith, and John Flynn. One remaining example is operated by Eagle Towing Service, of Ringwood Victoria and has since been converted to a heavy towing salvage truck. [2]
  • This truck is also the inspiration of the character "Mack" in the Movie "Cars".

The Mack Titan is a heavy duty truck produced by Mack Trucks. There are two different variants of the Titan, one for the Australian market, that was first introduced in 1995 aimed at the heavy road train operators of Australia, and a 2008 model that was introduced in North America. The Titan can haul loads up to 200 tonnes GCM and comes with many heavy duty options that are not usually found on highway trucks.

Australian variant

  • A raised cab and taller hood allows for larger radiators to cool the engine more quickly in the hot Australian climates.
  • Heavy duty double and triple frame rails handle the high loads and stress of driving on unpaved dirt roads.
  • Rear axles offered include tri-drive options and planetary hub reduction axles from Renault Trucks.
  • Air brake system has high flow air compressor and large air tanks to provide air for 2 or more trailers and the air starter (if fitted).
  • Integrated vertical air intake snorkels keep dust and dirt out of the filters prolonging their life.
  • High power engines from Cummins (ISX & Signature) and Caterpillar (C-16) provide the necessary power. Up until 2000/2001, the Mack 16.4 litre E9 V8 was offered at 455 kW (610 hp) and 2780 Nm (2050 ft•lbf) of torque.
  • The Mack 18 speed transmission is standard with an Eaton 18 speed option. Eaton two and four speed auxiliary transmissions are also available to provide extra gears and an optional Power Tower.

The first Mack, an AC model, arrived in Australia in 1919 and was used for bulk haulage by the Vacuum Oil Company in Sydney. The second arrived six weeks later. The ACs, although greatly admired, did not have much impact on transport trends and it would be another 30 years before Mack would change the course of heavy transport in Australia. However, Australia’s first purpose-built engine driven furniture removals van was also a Mack. The 1924 AB model was put into service in 1928 by Thos Mills and Sons of Rose Bay and having completed 30 years of continual service and travelled a million miles, it was finally retired in 1958.

The arrival of the American military in early 1942 brought the heavier trucks, the NR 6x4 Macks and the Diamond T tank transporters as well as the US Army truck of the day, a standard GMC 2l,2 powered by powerful GMC 270 cubic inch engines.

It was the arrival of the legendary B Model Mack that would finally establish the Mack name as a leader in reliability and good value for money in the toughest conditions Australia had to offer. The B Model was first released in 1953 and by the early 1960s it reigned supreme in the outback of Australia. They took on the bogs and the jump-ups with ease and survived the many hardships of the outback that the English models found difficult. They brought new dimensions of speed, strength, comfort and reliability to the industry.

In the Northern Territory roadtrain operators were able to double their speed from 27kph to around 55 kph and in the more populated areas in the southern and eastern states the B model could pick up 60 tonnes of freight and cross the nation in quicker time than ever before. The B Model also found success in heavier off-road applications such as livestock and ore haulage. The B6 1 was the backbone of Brambles coal haulage operation and today the company still operate a few on their low loaders. When the B Model went out of production in 1966, nearly 130,000 had been built. The classic B6 1 Model revolutionised the heavy transport sector in Australia and is regarded as one of the most revered of all heavy transport trucks in Australia, being remembered as a life-style, not a truck, and a rugged and tough lifestyle at that.

In 1966 Mack released its revolutionary Maxidyne engine and Maxitorque transmission. Instead of 10 or 15-speed gearboxes the Mack now only required five gears. The R Series and the later Superliners are also legends in the world of trucking. There is something about the squared up macho look of a Mack truck that other manufacturers have failed to find. While the new CLR 525hp models have been well accepted for their performance and reliability, many of the old school are sad to see the shape of the mighty Mack truck change. Mack, however, is one company that prides itself on its ability to respond to the changing needs of the road transport industry and the 1 990s have seen the release of many new Macks, including the classic CHR Select B-double primemover, the Elite Series and the long-wheelbased Mack Manager.

The 1995 release of the new Mack Super-liner Titan is likely to see Mack regain its position as leader of the pack in the heavy truck range. Fully Australian-designed and purpose-built to handle Australia’s harsh operating environment, the Super-liner Titan is the toughest and most powerful Mack yet. Fitted with the Mack E9 525 V8 engine and specced for up to 200 tonne GCM, the Titan is ready, willing and able to take on any application. For Mack loyalists around the country, it is the return of the traditional Mack Superliner strength, reliability and good looks that will return them to the fold.

Today, the Mack organisation is so large it churns out around 30,000 trucks every year, and it continues to hold the lion’s share of the Australian market when it comes to heavy duty and off-road applications in Australia. Usually a Mack truck is just that. It is Mack from one end to the other, including, engine gear box, diffs and suspension. Operators today can order a Mack with a different engine, usually a Cummins or Caterpillar. It is easy to tell if the Mack is a pedigree by the colour of the dog on the grill. 

huge 6x4 NR Macks and determined looking EH Macks found their niche in off-road applications such as hauling timber, cattle and heavy machinery in the more remote areas of Australia that were not so staunchly controlled by government regulation and where the rail had not yet reached.
Bell Bros used Mack trucks and a variety of smaller operators found success in operating the big British trucks of the day, the Leylands.