Scania Aktiebolag (publ), commonly referred to as Scania AB or just Scania, is a major Swedish automotive industry manufacturer of commercial vehicles - specifically heavy trucks and buses. It also manufactures diesel engines for motive power of heavy vehicles, marine, and general industrial applications.

Founded in 1891 in Södertälje, Sweden, the company's head office is still in the city. Today, Scania has ten production facilities in Sweden, France, Netherlands, Argentina, Brazil, Poland, and Russia.[1] In addition, there are assembly plants in ten countries in Africa, Asia and Europe. Scania's sales and service organisation and finance companies are worldwide. In 2008, the company employed approximately 35,000 people around the world.[1]

Scania's logo shows a Griffin, from the coat of arms of the Swedish region of Scania (Swedish: Skåne).[5]

The Scania range first made its entrance to Australia in 1971 under the name of SAAB-Scania Australia Pty Ltd, a wholly owned subsidiary of the SAAB Scania AB Corporation. It entered the local truck market with a range of fully built up vehicles imported from Sweden. The company experienced much success here and soon after started to assemble, market and service from its assembly plant near Melbourne. By 1978 the plant was producing in excess of 500 trucks a year and had branches located in most major capital cities. The first major break for Scania in Australia came when transport tycoon Lindsay Fox of Linfox ordered about 100 trucks. Ever since, Scania have been a major supplier of trucks to the fuel industry. In 1990, following a series of changes to its parent company the company changed its name to Scania Australia Pty Ltd.